Estudo afirma: Conversar com seu pet não é loucura, é sinal de inteligência social

Eu admito: eu falo com meus animais de estimação. Eu até tenho uma voz diferente para cada um. Meus amigos acham que é bobagem ou até um pouco louco eu conversar com meus pets. Mas Nicholas Epley, professor de ciência comportamental da Universidade de Chicago, discorda. Ele sente que é perfeitamente normal envolver-se nesse comportamento e, na verdade, pode indicar um nível mais alto de cognição social.

Nicholas é autor do livro “Mindwise”: Como entendemos o que os outros pensam, acreditam, sentem e querem.

Considerado um dos maiores especialistas do mundo sobre o fenômeno do antropomorfismo – a tendência de atribuir pensamentos, sentimentos ou características humanas a um objeto ou ser não humano. Antropomorfismo é comum em crianças, que são capazes de se divertir por horas a fio conversando com amigos e brinquedos imaginários. É um comportamento perfeitamente saudável e ajuda-os a desenvolver as habilidades sociais que precisarão mais tarde na vida.

Espera-se que superemos essa tendência à medida que envelhecemos e, na maioria das vezes, o fazemos. Mas, de acordo com Nicholas, confiar problemas de relacionamento aos nossos cães ou implorar aos nossos velhos carros para “Por favor, nos leve por mais alguns metros” não nos torna imaturos ou loucos, faz de nós seres humanos bem ajustados.

“Por séculos, nossa disposição em reconhecer mentes em seres “não-humanos” tem sido vista como um tipo de estupidez, uma tendência infantil ao antropomorfismo e à superstição que adultos educados e clarividentes superaram”, ele escreve em seu livro. “Eu acho que essa visão é tanto equivocada quanto infeliz. Reconhecer a mente de outro ser humano envolve os mesmos processos psicológicos que reconhecer uma mente em outros animais, um deus ou até mesmo um objeto. É um reflexo da maior capacidade do nosso cérebro, em vez de um sinal da nossa estupidez”.

O cérebro humano é programado para procurar os rostos – especialmente os olhos – dos outros por sinais de sua verdadeira natureza, uma habilidade que muitas vezes é responsável pela nossa própria sobrevivência. Quantas vezes você ouviu uma pessoa descrever um “mau pressentimento” que teve sobre alguém que mais tarde se revelou perigoso? De acordo com Nicholas, somos “hipersensíveis aos olhos porque eles oferecem uma janela para a mente de outra pessoa”. Com isso dito, não parece tão estranho que olhar nos olhos expressivos e cheios de alma de nossos queridos animais de estimação faíscas nosso desejo natural de fazer conexões sociais.

Também temos uma tendência a atribuir nomes às coisas que amamos – a forma mais comum de antropomorfismo. Os humanos têm feito isso com os objetos inanimados dos quais dependemos por mais de mil anos (pense em navios e armas). É natural desenvolver emoções para os objetos não humanos que desempenham um papel em nossa própria sobrevivência, embora saibamos que são apenas “coisas”.

O assunto sobre a antropomorfização de animais é um pouco mais complicado. Os cientistas consideram que os animais têm “mentes cinzentas” – o que significa que podem ter mentes conscientes semelhantes às nossas, mas não podemos provar isso de forma conclusiva. Podemos não ter a tecnologia para ler a mente de nossos cães e gatos, mas acho que aqueles de nós que passaram nossas vidas ao redor deles podem atestar que suas consciências emocionais são extremamente semelhantes às nossas. A capacidade de reconhecer animais como seres semelhantes com os quais podemos confiar e interagir é um sinal de inteligência social, e não um comportamento bizarro de animal de estimação. Então, da próxima vez que um amigo ou ente querido revirar os olhos quando conversar com seus animais de estimação, diga que você é mais socialmente desenvolvido do que eles – não espera que eles entendam!

Traduzido e adaptado por: Eu amo os animais

Fonte: iheartdogs

A Little Photoshoot Gone Wrong And The Internet Is Exploding

Far far away, behind the word mountains, far from the countries Vokalia and Consonantia, there live the blind texts. Separated they live in Bookmarksgrove right at the coast of the Semantics, a large language ocean.

1. Image with share buttons

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A small river named Duden flows. Source: MediaSource

Far far away, behind the word mountains, far from the countries Vokalia and Consonantia, there live the blind texts. Separated they live in Bookmarksgrove right at the coast of the Semantics, a large language ocean.

2. Image With Your Watermark

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Far far away, behind the word mountains, far from the countries Vokalia and Consonantia, there live the blind texts. Separated they live in Bookmarksgrove right at the coast of the Semantics, a large language ocean.

3. Photomixes Without Photoshop

photomix

Far far away, behind the word mountains, far from the countries Vokalia and Consonantia, there live the blind texts. Separated they live in Bookmarksgrove right at the coast of the Semantics, a large language ocean.

4. Advanced GIF control

single_content_gif_v01
Far far away. Source: MediaSource

Far far away, behind the word mountains, far from the countries Vokalia and Consonantia, there live the blind texts. Separated they live in Bookmarksgrove right at the coast of the Semantics, a large language ocean.

5. Self hosted responsive video

embed_intro

6. YouTube responsive embed

Behind the word mountains, far from the countries Vokalia and Consonantia, there live the blind texts. Separated they live in Bookmarksgrove right at the coast of the Semantics, a large language ocean.

8. Instagram responsive embed

Behind the word mountains, far from the countries Vokalia and Consonantia, there live the blind texts. Separated they live in Bookmarksgrove right at the coast of the Semantics, a large language ocean.

9. Twitter responsive embed

Behind the word mountains, far from the countries Vokalia and Consonantia, there live the blind texts. Separated they live in Bookmarksgrove right at the coast of the Semantics, a large language ocean.

15 Cute Kids Who Will Make You Smile Every Time

Far far away, behind the word mountains, far from the countries Vokalia and Consonantia, there live the blind texts. Separated they live in Bookmarksgrove right at the coast of the Semantics, a large language ocean.

1. Image with share buttons

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A small river named Duden flows. Source: MediaSource

Far far away, behind the word mountains, far from the countries Vokalia and Consonantia, there live the blind texts. Separated they live in Bookmarksgrove right at the coast of the Semantics, a large language ocean.

2. Image With Your Watermark

watermark

Far far away, behind the word mountains, far from the countries Vokalia and Consonantia, there live the blind texts. Separated they live in Bookmarksgrove right at the coast of the Semantics, a large language ocean.

3. Photomixes Without Photoshop

photomix

Far far away, behind the word mountains, far from the countries Vokalia and Consonantia, there live the blind texts. Separated they live in Bookmarksgrove right at the coast of the Semantics, a large language ocean.

4. Advanced GIF control

single_content_gif_v01
Far far away. Source: MediaSource

Far far away, behind the word mountains, far from the countries Vokalia and Consonantia, there live the blind texts. Separated they live in Bookmarksgrove right at the coast of the Semantics, a large language ocean.

5. Self hosted responsive video

embed_intro

6. YouTube responsive embed

Behind the word mountains, far from the countries Vokalia and Consonantia, there live the blind texts. Separated they live in Bookmarksgrove right at the coast of the Semantics, a large language ocean.

8. Instagram responsive embed

Behind the word mountains, far from the countries Vokalia and Consonantia, there live the blind texts. Separated they live in Bookmarksgrove right at the coast of the Semantics, a large language ocean.

9. Twitter responsive embed

Behind the word mountains, far from the countries Vokalia and Consonantia, there live the blind texts. Separated they live in Bookmarksgrove right at the coast of the Semantics, a large language ocean.

People Are Loving This Dog Who Goes Woof Woof

Far far away, behind the word mountains, far from the countries Vokalia and Consonantia, there live the blind texts. Separated they live in Bookmarksgrove right at the coast of the Semantics, a large language ocean.

1. Image with share buttons

single_content_01_v01
A small river named Duden flows. Source: MediaSource

Far far away, behind the word mountains, far from the countries Vokalia and Consonantia, there live the blind texts. Separated they live in Bookmarksgrove right at the coast of the Semantics, a large language ocean.

2. Image With Your Watermark

watermark

Far far away, behind the word mountains, far from the countries Vokalia and Consonantia, there live the blind texts. Separated they live in Bookmarksgrove right at the coast of the Semantics, a large language ocean.

3. Photomixes Without Photoshop

photomix

Far far away, behind the word mountains, far from the countries Vokalia and Consonantia, there live the blind texts. Separated they live in Bookmarksgrove right at the coast of the Semantics, a large language ocean.

4. Advanced GIF control

single_content_gif_v01
Far far away. Source: MediaSource

Far far away, behind the word mountains, far from the countries Vokalia and Consonantia, there live the blind texts. Separated they live in Bookmarksgrove right at the coast of the Semantics, a large language ocean.

5. Self hosted responsive video

embed_intro

6. YouTube responsive embed

Behind the word mountains, far from the countries Vokalia and Consonantia, there live the blind texts. Separated they live in Bookmarksgrove right at the coast of the Semantics, a large language ocean.

8. Instagram responsive embed

Behind the word mountains, far from the countries Vokalia and Consonantia, there live the blind texts. Separated they live in Bookmarksgrove right at the coast of the Semantics, a large language ocean.

9. Twitter responsive embed

Behind the word mountains, far from the countries Vokalia and Consonantia, there live the blind texts. Separated they live in Bookmarksgrove right at the coast of the Semantics, a large language ocean.

13 Facts For Cat Lovers Or Why The Internet Loves Cats

Far far away, behind the word mountains, far from the countries Vokalia and Consonantia, there live the blind texts. Separated they live in Bookmarksgrove right at the coast of the Semantics, a large language ocean.

1. Image with share buttons

single_content_01_v01
A small river named Duden flows. Source: MediaSource

Far far away, behind the word mountains, far from the countries Vokalia and Consonantia, there live the blind texts. Separated they live in Bookmarksgrove right at the coast of the Semantics, a large language ocean.

2. Image With Your Watermark

watermark

Far far away, behind the word mountains, far from the countries Vokalia and Consonantia, there live the blind texts. Separated they live in Bookmarksgrove right at the coast of the Semantics, a large language ocean.

3. Photomixes Without Photoshop

photomix

Far far away, behind the word mountains, far from the countries Vokalia and Consonantia, there live the blind texts. Separated they live in Bookmarksgrove right at the coast of the Semantics, a large language ocean.

4. Advanced GIF control

single_content_gif_v01
Far far away. Source: MediaSource

Far far away, behind the word mountains, far from the countries Vokalia and Consonantia, there live the blind texts. Separated they live in Bookmarksgrove right at the coast of the Semantics, a large language ocean.

5. Self hosted responsive video

embed_intro

6. YouTube responsive embed

Behind the word mountains, far from the countries Vokalia and Consonantia, there live the blind texts. Separated they live in Bookmarksgrove right at the coast of the Semantics, a large language ocean.

8. Instagram responsive embed

Behind the word mountains, far from the countries Vokalia and Consonantia, there live the blind texts. Separated they live in Bookmarksgrove right at the coast of the Semantics, a large language ocean.

9. Twitter responsive embed

Behind the word mountains, far from the countries Vokalia and Consonantia, there live the blind texts. Separated they live in Bookmarksgrove right at the coast of the Semantics, a large language ocean.

27 Funny Dog Quotes With Images

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15 Things I Have Always Wondered About Birds

Far far away, behind the word mountains, far from the countries Vokalia and Consonantia, there live the blind texts. Separated they live in Bookmarksgrove right at the coast of the Semantics, a large language ocean.

1. Image with share buttons

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A small river named Duden flows. Source: MediaSource

Far far away, behind the word mountains, far from the countries Vokalia and Consonantia, there live the blind texts. Separated they live in Bookmarksgrove right at the coast of the Semantics, a large language ocean.

2. Image With Your Watermark

watermark

Far far away, behind the word mountains, far from the countries Vokalia and Consonantia, there live the blind texts. Separated they live in Bookmarksgrove right at the coast of the Semantics, a large language ocean.

3. Photomixes Without Photoshop

photomix

Far far away, behind the word mountains, far from the countries Vokalia and Consonantia, there live the blind texts. Separated they live in Bookmarksgrove right at the coast of the Semantics, a large language ocean.

4. Advanced GIF control

single_content_gif_v01
Far far away. Source: MediaSource

Far far away, behind the word mountains, far from the countries Vokalia and Consonantia, there live the blind texts. Separated they live in Bookmarksgrove right at the coast of the Semantics, a large language ocean.

5. Self hosted responsive video

embed_intro

6. YouTube responsive embed

Behind the word mountains, far from the countries Vokalia and Consonantia, there live the blind texts. Separated they live in Bookmarksgrove right at the coast of the Semantics, a large language ocean.

8. Instagram responsive embed

Behind the word mountains, far from the countries Vokalia and Consonantia, there live the blind texts. Separated they live in Bookmarksgrove right at the coast of the Semantics, a large language ocean.

9. Twitter responsive embed

Behind the word mountains, far from the countries Vokalia and Consonantia, there live the blind texts. Separated they live in Bookmarksgrove right at the coast of the Semantics, a large language ocean.

25 Animals That’ll Have You Laughing Hysterically

Far far away, behind the word mountains, far from the countries Vokalia and Consonantia, there live the blind texts. Separated they live in Bookmarksgrove right at the coast of the Semantics, a large language ocean.

1. Image with share buttons

single_content_01_v01
A small river named Duden flows. Source: MediaSource

Far far away, behind the word mountains, far from the countries Vokalia and Consonantia, there live the blind texts. Separated they live in Bookmarksgrove right at the coast of the Semantics, a large language ocean.

2. Image With Your Watermark

watermark

Far far away, behind the word mountains, far from the countries Vokalia and Consonantia, there live the blind texts. Separated they live in Bookmarksgrove right at the coast of the Semantics, a large language ocean.

3. Photomixes Without Photoshop

photomix

Far far away, behind the word mountains, far from the countries Vokalia and Consonantia, there live the blind texts. Separated they live in Bookmarksgrove right at the coast of the Semantics, a large language ocean.

4. Advanced GIF control

single_content_gif_v01
Far far away. Source: MediaSource

Far far away, behind the word mountains, far from the countries Vokalia and Consonantia, there live the blind texts. Separated they live in Bookmarksgrove right at the coast of the Semantics, a large language ocean.

5. Self hosted responsive video

embed_intro

6. YouTube responsive embed

Behind the word mountains, far from the countries Vokalia and Consonantia, there live the blind texts. Separated they live in Bookmarksgrove right at the coast of the Semantics, a large language ocean.

8. Instagram responsive embed

Behind the word mountains, far from the countries Vokalia and Consonantia, there live the blind texts. Separated they live in Bookmarksgrove right at the coast of the Semantics, a large language ocean.

9. Twitter responsive embed

Behind the word mountains, far from the countries Vokalia and Consonantia, there live the blind texts. Separated they live in Bookmarksgrove right at the coast of the Semantics, a large language ocean.

15 Totally Brain-Shattering Optical Illusions

Far far away, behind the word mountains, far from the countries Vokalia and Consonantia, there live the blind texts. Separated they live in Bookmarksgrove right at the coast of the Semantics, a large language ocean.

1. Image with share buttons

single_content_01_v01
A small river named Duden flows. Source: MediaSource

Far far away, behind the word mountains, far from the countries Vokalia and Consonantia, there live the blind texts. Separated they live in Bookmarksgrove right at the coast of the Semantics, a large language ocean.

2. Image With Your Watermark

watermark

Far far away, behind the word mountains, far from the countries Vokalia and Consonantia, there live the blind texts. Separated they live in Bookmarksgrove right at the coast of the Semantics, a large language ocean.

3. Photomixes Without Photoshop

photomix

Far far away, behind the word mountains, far from the countries Vokalia and Consonantia, there live the blind texts. Separated they live in Bookmarksgrove right at the coast of the Semantics, a large language ocean.

4. Advanced GIF control

single_content_gif_v01
Far far away. Source: MediaSource

Far far away, behind the word mountains, far from the countries Vokalia and Consonantia, there live the blind texts. Separated they live in Bookmarksgrove right at the coast of the Semantics, a large language ocean.

5. Self hosted responsive video

embed_intro

6. YouTube responsive embed

Behind the word mountains, far from the countries Vokalia and Consonantia, there live the blind texts. Separated they live in Bookmarksgrove right at the coast of the Semantics, a large language ocean.

8. Instagram responsive embed

Behind the word mountains, far from the countries Vokalia and Consonantia, there live the blind texts. Separated they live in Bookmarksgrove right at the coast of the Semantics, a large language ocean.

9. Twitter responsive embed

Behind the word mountains, far from the countries Vokalia and Consonantia, there live the blind texts. Separated they live in Bookmarksgrove right at the coast of the Semantics, a large language ocean.